A good home, not necessarily large and luxurious, but must meet health requirements, so that the inhabitants can move comfortably. According to Winslow, healthy homes have several criteria, which can meet physiological and psychological needs; and can avoid the occurrence of accidents and disease transmission.
In order for the (dweller) of the house to be healthy, there are a few things to note:
Air Ventilation for Home
Healthy house should have adequate air ventilation, so that air circulation smoothly and air to be fresh. Air ventilation keeps the oxygen levels inside the house while keeping the house moist.
Create air vents through window openings. Air-conditioning within the house will be maximized by cross ventilation or cross ventilation system. If not possible, can be ventilated through the holes of the wind.
In addition, as much as possible do not use a fan, because it can cause spots in the lungs. Garden on the terrace or inside the house will also help the process of oxygen production.
Healthy homes should have sufficient natural lighting. Houses that lack sunlight is very humid and uncomfortable and prone to disease seeds.
Generally, natural light is obtained through windows, but if not possible, light can be obtained from glass tile. However, the lighting of the house should not be too excessive, because it can make the eyes hurt and the room becomes hot.
Waterproof floor is a requirement for a healthy home. The material may vary: tiles, cement, wood, or ceramics. Floors that are dusty or muddy other than uncomfortable can also be a den of disease.
The selection of flooring material is very important. For example, slippery floor ceramics can cause residents to slip.
Roof and Ceiling
Clay tile spelled the most suitable for homes in the tropics like Indonesia, because it is more able to absorb the sun’s heat. Should avoid using the roof of zinc or asbestos, because it can cause the room to heat up.
The height of the ceiling of the house should also be considered. Because the ceiling is too short can cause the room was hot so that reduces comfort.
Every day, the house produces waste bathrooms, kitchens, and garbage. Healthy homes should have septic tanks and waste water disposal that does not pollute soil and groundwater and odorless. You should be make septic tank position as far as possible with water pump.
Every healthy home has a covered garbage dump so as not to pollute the surrounding environment. Make two bins: for organic and inorganic waste.
Healthy homes must meet the needs of clean water for the inhabitants, ie at least 60 liters per day per person-for drinking, bathing, washing, and others.
Pollution and Contamination
The most pollution produced by homes comes from kitchen fumes. For that, the house should have a smoke disposal so as not to contaminate another room. Also avoid the use of paint from hazardous materials, which potentially disrupt the respiratory system residents.